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CWA # 239, 4 March 2020

Conflict Weekly 07
Aurat March in Pakistan, US-Taliban Deal in Doha, Anti-CAA protest in Meghalaya, Sri Lanka’s withdrawal from the UNCHCR Resolution, and the problems of ceasefire in Syria and Libya 

  IPRI Team

IPRI Conflict Weekly, 26 February 2020, Vol.1, No. 7

Abigail Miriam Fernandez, Amal Anzari, Ruwanthi Jayasekara, Vaishali Handique, Unnikrishnan MJ, and Lakshmi V Menon
 

SOUTH ASIA
Pakistan: Women ready for another Aurat March amid strong condemnation 

In the news
Since the condemnation from various religio-political parties and their leaders for trying to put a stop to the Aurat March, which is to be held on the occasion of International Women’s Day on 8 March, there has been support pouring in from many channels. Federal Minister for Human Rights Dr Shireen Mazari strongly condemned the same; she has also stated that the government is committed to ensuring that discrimination and harassment of women ends and it has put in place programs, policies and legislative measures to empower women and girls.

Pakistan Federal Union for Journalists (PFUJ) President Shahzada Zulfikar and Secretary-General Nasir Zaidi also issued a joint statement the same day condemned threats given by some opposers to organizers and participants of the Aurat March. The PFUJ leaders have stated that threats such as these raise a serious concern regarding the fundamental rights of citizens, particularly women and minorities, in the country and situation such as these contribute to hate speech against women’s rights advocates. The PFUJ has urged the government to ensure that the marchers are provided necessary security so that they can hold a peaceful march.

Senator Sherry Rahman has also shown her support for the march. She stated that “In a democratic society, asking for your rights is not only valid but also extremely important.” Further, Pakistan Bar Council (PBC) also gave its support to the Aurat March and condemned the threats against the participants and organisers of the event. The PBC stated that March and peaceful protests are essential parts of the human rights of an individual.

Issues at large
For the last two years, the Aurat march has turned into a massive resistance movement against the patriarchal structures of society, resulting in a strong backlash against the participants and organizers of the march. The Aurat March is organized under the banner of “Hum Auratain” a broader term for feminist women, transgender individuals, nonbinary persons, and gender and sexual minorities who stand against the patriarchal structures that result in the sexual, economic, and structural exploitation of women.

The movement started in 2018 when a couple of feminist groups from Karachi held a march on International Women’s Day. The core principles of ‘Hum Auratain’ states that the march will not be able to get funding from NGOs or corporations. Instead, the organizers arrange fundraising events to collect funds. The marches, which are to be anonymous and diverse, are held in all major cities of Pakistan, including Lahore, Islamabad, Karachi, Peshawar, and Quetta. Each year, the organizers release an Aurat March manifesto that demands responsibility and justice against violence targeted at women at the workplace, at home, and in public spaces. It also pushes for economic justice, inclusion, and access to public spaces for all.

In 2019, the March organizers had complained that they received threats and were harassed online. They were also labeled as “bad women” and Western agents who want to damage the culture of Pakistan. Some men even threatened them with rape.

In perspective
The Aurat March has given new energy to the feminist movement in Pakistan. The March has become a proud tradition of women’s rights movements in Pakistan where women have come to stand in unity to their fight against the struggle for women’s rights. However, the March has also attracted fierce criticism, especially leaving the organizers and participants at risk. Further, the march is not fully being supported; this polarization in the political parties’ views, religious persons and others has not helped the matter.

However, this march remains to be a promising means through which women in Pakistan can first become aware of their rights and secondly, awareness allowing them to demand and fight for their rights.

 

The Doha deal between the US and the Taliban: What it is all about?
After 18 months of negotiations, the US officials and the Taliban representatives signed an agreement on 29 February at Doha, Qatar, to end the longest war fought in Afghanistan since 2001. 

The US Special Representative, Zalmay Khalilzad and the Taliban deputy leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar signed the agreement in the presence of the representatives from the countries like Qatar, Pakistan, Turkey, Indonesia, Uzbekistan, India and Tajikistan. This agreement will initiate the formal withdrawal of the US troops from Afghanistan. 

  • The agreement has four points that mainly include, a timeline of 14 months for the withdrawal of all the US and NATO troops from Afghanistan. Second, the drawdown process will begin with the US limiting its armed forces to 8,600 from 13,000 in the first 135 days and reducing it from five bases. Third, the agreement upholds a ‘Taliban guarantee’ that the Afghan soil will not be used as a launch pad that would threaten the security of the US. Last, the agreement will pave the path for an intra-Afghan negotiation by 10 March. This will aim at negotiating a permanent cease-fire and a power-sharing agreement between the rival Afghan groups. The agreement also proposes the release of 5,000 Taliban members from prison, in exchange for 1,000 Afghan security forces held by the Taliban. 
  • The Afghan government will also begin negotiations with the Taliban for a political settlement which would establish the role that the Taliban would come to play in the future. These negotiations are expected to start in March 2020. One of the primary aims of the intra-Afghan dialogue is to achieve a lasting ceasefire in the country.
  • In Kabul, the US Defense Secretary Mark Esper and NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg signed a joint declaration with the Afghan government, represented by President Ashraf Ghani. This declaration commits the Afghans to these up-coming negotiations with the Taliban and to provide Afghanistan with security guarantees as this process unfolds.

 

Sri Lanka withdraws from 30/1 Geneva Resolution

In the news

The previous government of Sri Lanka co-sponsored the 30/1 Geneva resolution on ‘Promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka. The newly elected government proposed to withdraw from the resolution in 2020, which was a promise given during the presidential election campaign. 
It was believed that the provisions in the resolution violated the country’s sovereignty and made Sri Lanka bound by International Human Rights Law. The move has further emphasized on safeguarding national security without compromising the democratic space of Sri Lankans. 

Issues at large 

The inception dates back to 23rd May 2009 with the Joint statement by the Government of Sri Lanka and the UN at the conclusion of UN Secretary-General’s visit to Sri Lanka. The excerpts of the statement highlighted that “Sri Lanka reiterated its strongest commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights, in keeping with the international human rights standards and Sri Lanka’s international obligations.” The report of Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission and Paranagama Commission were a part of this commitment.

30/1 resolution consisted of provisions on reparation, truth-seeking, democratic institutional reform, ensuring accountability post-conflict, advancing the rule of law in accordance with International Human Rights Law and investigations on crimes committed by both parties for which the current government doesn’t want to stand. Sri Lanka believes to have become successful in demining, resettlement, the return of land used by security forces, rehabilitation and reintegration of ex-LTTE combatants, rapid infrastructure development, restoration, the establishment of domestic mechanisms to address issues related to accountability, rule of law and human rights after a 30-year armed conflict. 

The previous government is criticized for accepting the OISL report which was used at the basis for 30/1 and condemn Sri Lankan security forces and creating space for further allegation by the United Nations and International Committee of the Red Cross.  Co-sponsoring has violated the democratic and sovereign principles of Sri Lanka. One of the main questions remain as to how Sri Lanka co-sponsored and got the resolution passed at the UNHRC without the perusal of the President. 

The decision of Sri Lanka is to withdraw from 40/1, which incorporates 30/1 in 2015 and 34/1 in 2017 while recommending to appoint a Commission of Inquiry (COI) headed by a Justice of Supreme Court to review the alleged violations of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law and propose deliverable measurements. Sri Lanka is determined to carry forward the commitment on 2030 sustainable agenda and advance commitment to individual and collective rights. 

In perspective 
The next possible option for Sri Lanka is to propose a counter resolution at the UNHRC Council. However, Sri Lanka doesn’t seem to have a support base of developing countries voting for the counter resolution at the moment.

Several countries including the United States, Germany, Canada and India are very critical and disappointed about Sri Lanka’s decision to disrespect international norms and ignore human rights.  China and Russia seem to be neutral on the issue for the moment. 

The decision has impacted Sri Lanka’s image internationally; it has to pay attention on diplomacy and foresight in devising foreign policy. 

 

Meghalaya violence: Anti-CAA protests persist; ILP demanded

In the news
On 28 February, the Khasi Student Union of Meghalaya staged a protest in Ichamati against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and the implementation of Inner Line Permit (ILP). It went rogue when the clashes between the students union and the non-tribal escalated leading to the death of some civilians. Meghalaya is actively protesting against the CAA since its initial developments as well as the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) which was introduced in December 2019. 

On 2 March, Tathaghata Roy, the Governor of Meghalaya went on leave prompting the Governor of Nagaland to take charge. The former made a sensitive comment in Twitter against the protests which created a further uproar in the state. Previously, he upset the public by not giving assent to amendments of the Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act, 2016.

Issues at large

First, the protests are about the influx of “outsiders” into the state and taking over their businesses and jobs. The tribal, indigenous people of Meghalaya fear losing opportunities to them and thus are adamant about being exempted from the CAA. Second, the insecurity is also about the influx of Bengali-speaking people from Assam. Assam, becoming hostile towards the Bengali-speaking communities exhibit high chances for the latter to flee for safe shelter, Shillong being the first choice of preference. The state feels highly vulnerable to the Hindu population in Bangladesh as it is a border region between India and Bangladesh. The CAA will provide them entry into India and there are high chances of that happening through Meghalaya.

Third, Meghalaya falls under the sixth schedule of the Constitution of India. This schedule safeguards the tribal areas and provides them with special administrative rights over their lands. In this manner, most of the state is exempted from CAA automatically. In spite of this, the protests are on because the state capital of Shillong is the only place where the CAA would be applicable. Thus, the main economic and administrative hub of the state is under threat, according to the tribes of Meghalaya.

Fourth, they are also protesting because they want the Government of India to implement the Inner Line Permit (ILP) in their state. The population wants the ILP as it will create a barrier between the state and the outsiders, especially those who will plan to settle illegally in the state.

In perspective
The protests in Meghalaya and the rest of Northeast India are strikingly different from that elsewhere in India. While the rest of India is in uproar against the CAA as they feel that a particular religious community’s rights are compromised, Northeast India is putting up a secular fight. 

Irrespective of religion or language, the settling down of any new immigrants in the region is being protested about. All the protesting states of northeast India, including Meghalaya, wants its indigenous population to be protected against all the chances of being deprived of opportunities, jobs and resources.

States like Meghalaya feel vulnerable towards an Act like this as they are the peripheral states of the country. Immigrants entering the country through Meghalaya or Tripura have high chances of settling in places closer to the border. With these reasons alive, the protests against the CAA in the northeastern states of India will stay for sometime. 

    
MIDDLE EAST
Syria: A Ceasefire hope in Idlib’s dynamic battle

In the news
On 3 March, Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan voiced his hopes for an Idlib ceasefire deal in his upcoming meeting with Vladimir Putin, his Russian counterpart on March 5. 
On the date, the situation in the Saraqeb city of Syria’s Idlib province is in flux as the rebel groups and Syrian forces scuttle for control over Idlib. In less than a month, reins of Saraqeb changed hands twice. Reports of Turkish drone-power backed opposition forces taking strategic positions in Idlib are adding to the dynamicity of the battle ahead of the summit.

Meanwhile, Syrian state media and the opposing armed groups are releasing contradictory reports amid persistent street fighting. 

Issues at large
First, amidst heavy Russian bombardment and fighting, on 2 March, SANA (Syrian state media) claimed the government had seized Saraqeb back from the rebels; pledging to “confront the flagrant Turkish aggression”. Turkish-backed opposition forces had reclaimed the city on 27 February. Since December, Iranian-Russian backed Syrian forces have advanced in Idlib, the opposition’s last stronghold. 

Second, Turkish deployed UAVs and drones are becoming a game-changer; opposition claims gaining control over parts of Idlib’s Jabal al-Zawiya curbing government’s advance towards the M4 highway that links Latakia to Aleppo.

Third, on 28 February, the deadline Erdogan had given the Assad regime to withdraw from northwest Syria had expired. On 29 February, Turkey announced the launching of operation Spring Shield against Syrian government; apparently after the 34 Turkish soldiers were killed in Idlib. 

In perspective
Refugee crisis, game-changing Turkish drones, upcoming Erdogan-Putin summit, and the fluid persistent battles add to the complexity of the ongoing Syrian war. First, with the exchange of threats post-Turkey downing two Syrian warplanes, Turkey and Russia are inching towards direct confrontation (from proxy wars) in Syria. In the past, although they were on opposing sides, they had closely coordinated. 

Second, Syria-Turkey (NATO-member) confrontation poses a worry of a larger conflict resulting in a 2015-like refugee crisis; straining Europe. Turkey (accommodating over 3.6 million Syrian refugees) says it will not absorb more in an attempt to pressurize Europe. Since December, according to UN, over a million people have been displaced in Idlib near Turkey’s southern border causing the worst humanitarian crisis in the Syrian war.

Third, deployment of Turkish-made Bayraktar-TB2 and ANKA-S with the present intensity is a first. Coupled with air-raids, it has altered ground dynamics. High-ranking officials and significant positions of Syrian government and allied militias have been hit; making Assad lose “the psychological advantage”. 

Fourth, the upcoming summit would hopefully pacify the situation and avoid the escalation that is looming large.

 

AFRICA
Libya: Ceasefire in tatters, as the UN envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame resigns

In the news
The United Nations' envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salame, who is the Head of the UNSMIL, has announced his resignation on 2 March. In a Twitter post, Salame stated that he would be stepping down from his position due to health reasons. He further added that he has tried to unite the Libyans and restrict foreign influence in the country however due to health reasons he could no longer hold this highly stressful position and sort to ask the UN Secretary-General to relieve him of his duties.

The resignation comes amid many Libyan politicians and social media activists pushing for Salame to leave, stating that he is biased to one party of the conflict over the other.
Salame, a former Lebanese culture minister, was appointed as a UN envoy in Libya in June 2017 and since then has been struggled to bring the two sides together for talks to end Libya's conflict.

Issues at large
International efforts to broker a Libyan ceasefire will be further pushed into chaos by the unexpected resignation of Salame. Further, Salame stated that he was disappointed with the major players involved in the conflict who have failed to keep their commitments at a peace conference in Berlin in January. His decision to quit is likely to be followed by a further rise in political violence, and the continuation of an oil depot blockade that has led Libya’s oil production to a standstill.

Salame has been unable to persuade major powers to use their influence to end the civil war between Khalifa Haftar, the leader of the Libyan National Army (LNA) forces in the country’s east, and the UN-recognised government of Fayez al-Sarraj, based in the capital, Tripoli. With both sides suspended their involvement, this leaves room for the turmoil to set in.

In perspective
Salame has been an active player in efforts to restore peace to the North African country. The resignation comes as a hit to the already fragile truce in war-torn Libya. Salame was involved in mediating three-tiered talks between Libya's warring sides on economic, political and military matters. Although spokesman of the UN Chief, Stephane Dujarric stated that Salame’s exit would not constitute a setback to peace efforts in the country, the sudden move to leave comes at a time when the rivals side have pulled out from the Libya peace talks, thus it becomes important to ensure a quick and efficient transition is implemented to avoid unfavourable consequences.

 

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February 2020 | CWA # 224

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sudan and Algeria: Road to Democracy in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 223

Lakshmi V Menon

Syria: ISIS Decline, US Retreat and the Return of Russia in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 222

Sourina Bej

The Pangs of BREXIT: UK's Tough Transition in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 221

Sukanya Bali

The Belt and Road Initiative: A New Global Connectivity Map in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 220

Harini Madhusudan

The US-China Trade Dispute: Towards further disruptions in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 219

Parikshith Pradeep

The US under Donald Trump: The Fall of an Empire in 2020

read more
The World This Week
February 2020 | CWA # 218

GP Team

Racist attacks in Germany, FATF grey list for Pakistan, Seven days peace in Afghanistan, Unity government in South Sudan, and the Dissolution of the opposition party in Thailand

read more
Conflict Weekly 05
February 2020 | CWA # 217

IPRI Team

Afghan Election Results, US-Taliban Deal, Hafiz Saeed Conviction, Quetta Suicide Attack, Assam Accord, Mexico Femicide and the Climate Change impact on Bird Species

read more
The World this Week
February 2020 | CWA # 216

GP Team

Seven weeks after Coronavirus, The Left Turn in Ireland Elections, Pakistan's balancing act with Malaysia and Turkey, and a US deal with the Taliban

read more
Conflict Weekly 04
February 2020 | CWA # 215

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka drops Tamil anthem, Assam looks for a new census for the indigenous Muslim population, Bangladesh faces a Rohingya boat tragedy and Israel witnesses resurgence of violence post-Trump deal

read more
The World this Week
February 2020 | CWA # 214

GP Team

The Senate acquits Trump in the US; and the Coronavirus impacts Southeast Asia more

read more
Conflict Weekly 03
February 2020 | CWA # 213

IPRI Team

Continuing Violence in Afghanistan, Bodo Peace Accord in Northeast India, Attack on the anti-CAA protesters in Delhi, and Trump's Middle East Peace Plan

read more
The World this Week
February 2020 | CWA # 212

GP Team

Trump’s Middle East Peace Plan, WHO's emergency declaration on the Coronavirus, Europe’s soft strategy towards Huawei, and BREXIT finally

read more
Conflict Weekly 02
January 2020 | CWA # 211

IPRI Team

Bangladesh and ICJ's Rohingya Verdict, Taliban and Afghan Peace, Surrenders in India's Northeast, New government in Lebanon and the Berlin summit on Libya

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 210

GP Team

World Economic Forum, Wuhan Coronavirus, China-Myanmar MoUs, and a new government in Lebanon

read more
2019 Review
January 2020 | CWA # 209

Boa Wang

China in 2019: 70th Anniversary, Rise of Domestic Animation and the Commercialization of 5G 

read more
The Middle East in 2020
January 2020 | CWA # 208

Vivek Mishra

After Soleimani assassination: Options for the US 

read more
The Middle East in 2020
January 2020 | CWA # 207

Sukanya Bali

Iran, Iraq and the US: Who wants what?

read more
Myanmar in 2020
January 2020 | CWA # 206

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Old problems to persist with no solutions in the near term

read more
The Himalayan Triangle
January 2020 | CWA # 205

Aashiyana Adhikari

Indian and Chinese investments in Nepal: Managing asymmetry

read more
Conflict Weekly #01
January 2020 | CWA # 204

IPRI Team

Taliban's ceasefire offer, Quetta Suicide attack, Supreme court verdict on J&K, the Brus Agreement in Tripura, Nile River Agreement, Tehran Protests, Syrians meet in Berlin, and the Honduran Caravans in Mexico

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 203

GP Team

Xi Jinping in Myanmar, US-China trade deal, Putin's new amendments in Russia, Taiwan Elections and the US efforts to fund 5G alternatives

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 202

GP Team

Iran's lowkey response to the killing of Gen Soleimani, Iraq's resolution against the US troops and Iran's request to India to mediate

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 201

GP Team

US-Iran Tensions in the Middle East, 6G in China, Fires in Australia, and a New Nuclear declaration in North Korea

read more
GP Column: Blue Economy
January 2020 | CWA # 200

Shailesh Nayak | Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS)

Blue Economy and India: An Introduction

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 199

Lakshmi V Menon

The Middle East in 2019: Domestic Protests, Bilateral Conflicts and Regional Tensions

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 198

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

North Africa in 2019: A year of protests, with some positive results

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 197

Sukanya Bali

Hong Kong in 2019: China's New Achilles Heel

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 196

Harini Madhusudan

The US-China Trade Dispute in 2019: Towards a thaw in 2020?

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 195

Parikshith Pradeep

The US in 2019: Trump rollsout a template for a global American retreat

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 194

Sourina Bej

Europe in 2019: Hard Brexit for the UK, Systemic Struggle for the EU

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 193

Rashmi Ramesh

Climate Change in 2019: Active Civil Society, Hesitant State

read more
The World this Week
December 2019 | CWA # 192

GP Team

Impeachment in the US, Brexit Vote in the UK, an Islamic Summit in Malaysia and a Death Sentence in Pakistan

read more
The World this Week
December 2019 | CWA # 191

GP Team

Sui Kyi at the ICJ, Boris Johnson as the new British PM, Greta Thunberg as TIME's person, and none to speak at the COP 25

read more
The World this Week
December 2019 | CWA # 190

GP Team

NATO at 70, Protests in Iran, COP 25 in Madrid

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 189

GP Team

Protests in Iran and Attacks in London

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 188

GP Team

Elections in Sri Lanka and Protests in Georgia, Chile & Czech

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 187

GP Team

The Crisis in Bolivia, the BRICS Summit in Brazil, and renewed violence in Israel & Hong Kong

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 186

GP Team

US-China Tariffs, Beijing's support for Carrie Lam, India's RCEP exit, Iran's nuclear enrichment, and Russia's new Arctic endeavours

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
November 2019 | CWA # 185

Rashmi Ramesh

The Arctic Littorals: Iceland and Greenland

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
November 2019 | CWA # 184

Harini Madhusudan

The Polar Silk Route: China's ambitious search in the Arctic

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
November 2019 | CWA # 183

Parikshith Pradeep

The Scientific Imbalance: Is technology rightly being invested in the Arctic?

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 182

GP Team

Protests in Lebanon, ISIS post-Baghdadi, UK Elections, Afghan QCG meet in Moscow and human trafficking across Europe

read more
Middle East
November 2019 | CWA # 181

GP Team

Syria: Who wants what?

read more
China
November 2019 | CWA # 180

Harini Madhusudan

Violence in Hong Kong: Will the protests end?

read more
Europe
November 2019 | CWA # 179

Rashmi Ramesh

Is Catalonia Spain’s Hong Kong?

read more
United Kingdom
October 2019 | CWA # 178

Sourina Bej

As the Brexit deadline nears: Three Implications of Boris Johnson’s Election Call

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
October 2019 | CWA # 177

D. Suba Chandran

Why an Arctic foray is essential for India

read more
The Arctic Series
October 2019 | CWA # 176

Parikshith Pradeep

Russia's Polar Military Edge

read more
Latin America on fire
October 2019 | CWA # 175

Nidhi Dalal

Protests rock Chile, Bolivia and Haiti

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 174

GP Team

The new Turkey-Russia axis in the Middle East, Trump Impeachment inquiry, Protests in Latin America and the Oil spill in Brazil

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 173

GP Team

Turkey's Syrian Offensive, Spain's Catalonia Crisis, a new Brexit Deal and an increasing divide in Hong Kong

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 172

GP Team

Turkey-Syria border tensions, Modi-Xi summit, Ecuador Protests and the Impeachment Inquiry against Trump

read more
Myanmar
October 2019 | CWA # 171

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Will prosecuting Suu Kyi resolve the Rohingya problem?

read more
India and Bangladesh
October 2019 | CWA # 170

Sourina Bej

Sheikh Hasina in New Delhi: Multiple Deals, No Takeaways

read more
The UN Climate Action Summit 2019
October 2019 | CWA # 169

Lakshman Chakravarthy N & Rashmi Ramesh

Climate Change: Four Actors, No Action

read more
Review
October 2019 | CWA # 168

Sukanya Bali

Brexit: Preparing for the Worst Case

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 167

GP Team

70 years Celebrations in China, Tipping Point in Hong Kong, a Brexit Roadmap, Protests in Iraq, and Khashoggi's death anniversary

read more
The World this Week
September 2019 | CWA # 166

GP Team

Afghan Elections, UNGA Meetings, Climate Change Summit, Impeachment inquiry against Trump, US-Japan Trade agreement and the Brexit troubles in UK Parliament

read more
The World this Week
September 2019 | CWA # 165

GP Team

Elections in Israel, Violence in Afghanistan, Drone Attacks in Saudi Arabia, and the Climate Change Protests

read more
The World this Week
September 2019 | CWA # 164

GP Team

Netanyahu’s plan to annex West Bank, Suspension of the British Parliament, Trump’s Bolton troubles, Hong Kong's new Anthem, Conditions for Rohingya Return, Erdogan’s threat on Syrian Refugees, and the Forest Fires in Indonesia

read more
Science, Technology and International Relations
September 2019 | CWA # 162

Lakshman Chakravarthy N

5G: A Primer

read more
Climate Change
September 2019 | CWA # 161

Rashmi Ramesh

From Okjökull to OK: Death of a Glacier in Iceland

read more
United Kingdom
September 2019 | CWA # 160

Sukanya Bali

Challenges before Boris Johnson

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 159

GP Team

G7 Summit, Suspension of the British Parliament, Growing Warmth in Russia-Turkey relations, Italy's new Coalition and Google-Huawei differences

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 158

GP Team

Global uproar on Amazon fires, Trump's Greenland bid, EU differences over Brexit and backstop, Italy's new political crisis, the sale of US F-16s to Taiwan and a new PM in Sudan

read more
China
August 2019 | CWA # 157

Parikshith Pradeep

The Hong Kong Protests: Who wants what

read more
China
August 2019 | CWA # 156

Harini Madhusudan

The Hong Kong Protests: Re-defining mass mobilization

read more
Southeast Asia
August 2019 | CWA # 155

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

ASEAN Outlook on the Indo Pacific: Worth all the Hype?

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 154

GP Team

North Korea's New Threats, Gotabaya Rajapaksa as Presidential Candidate, Failure at the Pacific Islands Meet, UNSC on J&K, and Israel's ban on the US Congresswomen

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 153

GP Team

J&K Special Status, Afghan Violence, Beijing's Hong Kong Warning, North Korea's Cyber Theft, EU's New Satellite and Yuan Devaluation

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 152

GP Team

New US Tariffs on China, Japan-South Korea Trade Tension, Burqa Ban in the Netherlands, INF Treaty's End and North Korean Missile Tests

read more
The World this Week
July 2019 | CWA # 151

GP Team

New PM in UK, Iran-UK Tensions in the Gulf, Muller's Testimony, Trump-Imran Meeting, New Protests in Hong Kong and Russia-China Air Exercises

read more
Nepal and India
July 2019 | CWA # 150

Mahesh Bhatta

Monsoons first, Floods next and the Blame Games follow

read more
The World this Week
July 2019 | CWA # 149

GP Team

US ban on Myanmar Generals, Kulbhushan Yadav Verdict, Trump's Saudi Arms Deal, Sudan Power Sharing, US-Turkey tensions and Pakistan's reopening of its Airspace

read more
India's Northeast
July 2019 | CWA # 148

Titsala Sangtam

Counting Citizens: Manipur charts its own NRC

read more
G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 147

Vivek Mishra

Can Hedging be India’s Strategy?

read more
The World this Week
July 2019 | CWA # 146

GP Team

UAE pullout from Yemen, Doha dialogue on Afghanistan, Continuing protests in Hong Kong and S-400 Russian missiles in Turkey

read more
Iran, US and the Nuclear Deal
July 2019 | CWA # 145

Lakshmi V Menon

Amidst the US-Iran standoff, Saudi Arabia should be cautious

read more
G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 144

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

For Russia, it was big power projection

read more
G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 143

Harini Madhusudan

For China, it was trade and a temporary truce

read more
The World This Week
July 2019 | CWA # 142

GP Team

Trump in DMZ, Hong Kong Protests, Violence in Libya, Agreement in Sudan, Taliban's Dual Strategy and Hafiz Saeed Charged

read more
G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 141

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

For Japan, it was commerce and climate change

read more
G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 140

Sourina Bej

For the US, it was trade, tariff and talks

read more
The World This Week
June 2019 | CWA # 139

GP Team

G20 Summit, Pompeo's India Visit, Hong Kong Protests, US-Iran Tensions, ASEAN Summit & the Bahrain Summit on the Middle East

read more
Middle East
June 2019 | CWA # 138

Mahath Mangal

Iran, US and the Nuclear Deal: Will Russia remain neutral?

read more
Middle East
June 2019 | CWA # 137

Titsala Sangtam

Iran, US and the Nuclear deal: Europe in the middle?

read more
The World this Week
June 2019 | CWA # 136

GP Team

Rising US-Iran Tensions, Xi Jinping's North Korea Visit, Continuing Protests in Hong Kong, Untimely Death of Morsi and the Triple Suicide Attacks in Nigeria

read more
India & Sri Lanka
June 2019 | CWA # 135

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Modi's Colombo Visit: Four issues to watch

read more
Global Politics
June 2019 | CWA # 134

Sourina Bej

From Moscow to Manila: Attack on Journalists, Public Protests and Culture of Impunity 

read more
China
June 2019 | CWA # 133

Harini Madhusudan

Thirty years after Tiananmen:  What remains in the popular memory and what doesn’t

read more
The World this Week
June 2019 | CWA # 132

GP Team

Attacks in Oman Gulf, Protests in Hong Kong, Military Crackdown in Sudan, Modi's Visit to Male and Colombo, Abe's Peace Mission in Iran and the SCO Summit

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
June 2019 | CWA # 131

Raakhavee Ramesh

Higher than the Himalayas: Pakistan and China

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
June 2019 | CWA # 130

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Across the Himalayas: Nepal and China

read more
Global Politics
June 2019 | CWA # 129

Mahath Mangal

The Russian Resurgence: Is the US supremacy waning?

read more
Mass Surveillance and Individual Freedom
June 2019 | CWA # 127

Mahath Mangal

San Francisco wants to ban, Kashgar wants to expand

read more
Julian Assange
June 2019 | CWA # 126

Jerin George

Espionage or Investigative Journalism? 

read more
Russia-Japan
June 2019 | CWA # 125

Titsala Sangtam

Beyond the Kuril Island Dispute: Tensions between Moscow and Tokyo

read more
The World this Week
June 2019 | CWA # 124

GP Team

EU Parliament elections, Chinese VP receives Nishan-e-Pakistan, Trump-Abe summit, Mueller's new statement on Trump & Israel’s new elections

read more
Global Politics
May 2019 | CWA # 123

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The Huawei Controversy: Five things you need to know

read more
Middle East
May 2019 | CWA # 122

Mahath Mangal

Why the world needs to look at Yemen

read more
India External
May 2019 | CWA # 121

Sourina Bej

Modi's Foreign Policy 2.0: A Response to C Raja Mohan

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 120

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The Central Asia Connector

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 119

Harini Madhusudan

An Under-represented East Asia

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 118

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Africa Embraces the Belt and Road

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 117

Sourina Bej

It’s Europe vs EU on China

read more
Africa
May 2019 | CWA # 116

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sudan: Between Democracy and another military rule

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 115

GP Team

American Troops to Middle East, Resignation of Theresa May, Climate Change Protests, Threats to Peace in Columbia and Post Elections Violence in Indonesia

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 114

GP Team

Diplomatic Outreaches of the US and Iran , China’s Tariff Retaliations, Tensions in the Middle East and Anti-Muslim Violence in Sri Lanka

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 113

GP Team

Gaza Violence, China-US Trade Negotiations, North Korean Missile Tests, Iran’s Partial Withdrawal and Mueller Report

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 112

GP Team

Masood Azhar Ban, Venezuela Crisis, Huawei in UK & the Sri Lankan Bombers

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 111

GP Team

Elections in Spain, BRI Summit 2.0, Kim's Russia visit and Terror attacks in Sri Lanka

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 110

GP Team

Indonesian Elections, North Korea's New Weapon Test, Trump's Yemen Veto, Venezuela Crisis and Climate Change Protests

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 109

GP Team

Coup in Sudan, Protests in Algeria & Libya, and another Brexit Extension

read more
Christchurch Massacre
April 2019 | CWA # 108

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Responses and Inspiring Lessons

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 107

GP Team

Brexit Deadlock, Crises in Sudan & Algeria and the Elections in Maldives

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 106

GP Team

US-China Trade Talks, Mueller Report, Gaza Anniversary and Thailand Elections

read more
Southast Asia
March 2019 | CWA # 105

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Thailand: Between Elections and Instability

read more
Global Politics
March 2019 | CWA # 104

Ryan Mitra

Malaysia, China and the BRI: The Delicate Hedging

read more
China
March 2019 | CWA # 103

Sourina Bej

Two Sessions in 2019: Four Takeaways

read more
Middle East
March 2019 | CWA # 102

Lakshmi V Menon

The End of ISIS Caliphate?

read more
The World This Week
March 2019 | CWA # 101

GP Team

Brexit and the EU; BRI and Italy; Muller's Report; Trump, Golan Heights and Israel; and New Zealand's response to Christchurch

read more
The World this Week
March 2019 | CWA # 100

GP Team

The New Zealand Massacre, The JeM discussion in the UN, The Brexit rejection, US-Taliban peace talks and Climate protests

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 99

Harini Madhusudan

For China, its a sigh of relief

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 98

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

For Vietnam, its a big deal

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 97

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

For Japan, No Deal is Good Deal

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 96

Sourina Bej

For South Korea, a costly disappointment

read more
Trump-Kim Summit
March 2019 | CWA # 94

Harini Madhusudan

No deal is better, but isn't it bad?

read more
Myanmar
March 2019 | CWA # 92

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The Other Conflict in Rakhine State

read more
The World This Week
March 2019 | CWA # 91

GP Team

India in OIC, India-Pakistan and Trump-Kim Summit

read more
The World This Week
February 2019 | CWA # 90

GP Team

Doha Dialogue with the Taliban, Saudi Arabia in Asia and the Crisis in Venezuela

read more
The World this Week
February 2019 | CWA # 89

GP Team

US Emergency, Nord Stream-2 and Indo-Pak tensions

read more
West Asia
February 2019 | CWA # 88

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Yemen: Will Sa'nna fall?

read more
China and Islam
February 2019 | CWA # 87

Harini Madhusudan

Sinicizing the Minorities

read more
The World this Week
February 2019 | CWA # 86

GP Team

US, South Korea and Thailand

read more
Middle East
February 2019 | CWA # 85

Lakshmi V Menon

The Qatar Blockade: Eighteen Months Later

read more
The World This Week
February 2019 | CWA # 84

GP Team

Yemen, Venezuela and US-China

read more
Terrorism
January 2019 | CWA # 82

Sourina Bej

Maghreb: What makes al Shahab Resilient?

read more
Global Politics
January 2019 | CWA # 81

Harini Madhusudan

US-China Trade War: No Clear Winners

read more
United States
January 2019 | CWA # 80

Abhishrut Singh

Trump’s Shutdown: Five Things to Know

read more
The World this Week
January 2019 | CWA # 79

GP Team

Between a Terror attack in Nairobi and a Political Disaster in UK

read more
United States
January 2019 | CWA # 78

Kriti

Afghanistan: Why Trump’s decision to withdraw will create more instability

read more
United States
January 2019 | CWA # 77

Komal Tiwary

Syria: Why Trump’s decision to withdraw is a right one but at a wrong time

read more
Global Politics
January 2019 | CWA # 76

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Myanmar: Will 2019 be better for the Rohingya?

read more
The World this Week
January 2019 | CWA # 75

GP Team

Kim-Xi Meet, US Shutdown & US-China Trade Talks

read more
South Asia
January 2019 | CWA # 74

D. Suba Chandran

Bangladesh: The Burden of Electoral History

read more
Global Politics
January 2019 | CWA # 73

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

US and China: Between Confrontation and Competition

read more
The World this Week
January 2019 | CWA # 72

GP Team

Trump's Shutdown, Bangladesh Elections and China's Lunar Probe

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 71

Mahesh Bhatta | Centre for South Asian Studies, Kathmandu

Nepal

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 70

Nasima Khatoon | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

The Maldives

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 69

Harini Madhusudan | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

India

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 68

Sourina Bej | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

Bangladesh

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 67

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

Afghanistan

read more
East Asia
November 2018 | CWA # 66

Harini Madhusudan

China and Japan: Renewing relations at the right time

read more
United States
November 2018 | CWA # 65

Ryan Mitra

The INF Treaty: Towards a new Security Dilemma

read more
United States
November 2018 | CWA # 64

Sourina Bej

The INF Treaty: US withdraws to balance China?

read more
Middle East
October 2018 | CWA # 63

Harini Madhusudan

The Khashoggi Killing: Unanswered Questions

read more
Pakistan
October 2018 | CWA # 62

Divyabharathi E

The Economic Crisis and the Saudi Investments: What are the Fallouts?

read more
The Middle East
October 2018 | CWA # 61

Lakshmi V Menon

US and Israel: Trump's Deal of the Century

read more
South Asia
October 2018 | CWA # 60

Nasima Khatoon

The New Maldives: Advantage India?

read more
United States
September 2018 | CWA # 59

Harini Madhusudhan

To NAFTA or Not: Trump, Mexico and Canada

read more
Southeast Asia
September 2018 | CWA # 58

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Malaysia’s China Moment: The Mahathir Gamble

read more
India External
September 2018 | CWA # 57

Sourina Bej

BIMSTEC: A Bay of Good Hope?

read more
India External
September 2018 | CWA # 56

Ryan Mitra

India between the US and Iran: The Art of Balancing Two States

read more
United Kingdom
September 2018 | CWA # 55

Hely Desai

Two Years of Brexit: The Reverse-Domino Effect

read more
GP Debate
September 2018 | CWA # 54

Young Scholars Debate

India, Imran Khan and Indo-Pak Relations

read more
United Kingdom
August 2018 | CWA # 53

Siddhatti Mehta

Does Brexit mean Brexit?

read more
China
August 2018 | CWA # 52

Oishee Majumdar

Factsheet: China’s Investments in Africa

read more
Europe-Russia
August 2018 | CWA # 51

Sourina Bej

Post Trump-Putin Summit: How significant is the Russia threat to Europe?

read more
Myanmar
August 2018 | CWA # 50

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The 8888 Uprising: Thirty Years Later

read more
US-China
August 2018 | CWA # 49

Harini Madhusudhan

The Tariff War: 'Stick of Hegemony' vs Vital Interests

read more
Global Politics
July 2018 | CWA # 48

Druta Bhatt

FactSheet: Shangri La Dialogue 2018

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 47

Rahul Arockiaraj

Immigrants as the “Other”: The Social and Economic Factors in the US

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 46

Divyabharathi E

Is Trump-Putin Summit a setback for the US?

read more
India External
July 2018 | CWA # 45

Apoorva Sudhakar

India and Bangladesh: The Long Haul

read more
Global Politics
July 2018 | CWA # 44

Divyabharathi E

Quad as an alternative to the BRI: Three Main Challenges

read more
South Asia
July 2018 | CWA # 43

Oishee Majumdar

FactSheet: India-Bangladesh Relations

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 42

D. Suba Chandran

Trump meets Putin; will it cost NATO?

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 41

Sourina Bej

Trump and the NATO: One Block, Different Views

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 40

Rahul Arockiaraj

Zero Tolerance on Illegal Immigration: Explaining Trump’s strategy and the American Spirit

read more
United States
June 2018 | CWA # 39

Gayan Gowramma KC

Now, the United States withdraws from the UNHRC

read more
Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 38

Druta Bhatt

Electoral Rise of the Right: From Trump to Brexit

read more
China
June 2018 | CWA # 37

Siddhatti Mehta

Will China be able to sustain its Dominance?

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South Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 36

Miti Shah

Is religion redefining nationalism?: The Case of Myanmar, India and Sri Lanka

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South Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 35

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Myanmar: Why won't they do anything for the Rohingya?

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United States
June 2018 | CWA # 34

Harini Madhusudan

The Idea of an US Space Force: Strategic Calculations

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South Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 33

Apoorva Sudhakar

Afghan Peace: Reality or Illusion?

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United States
June 2018 | CWA # 32

Hely Desai

Looking beyond Trump: Is the US declining?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 31

Manushi Kapadia

Is China using its soft power to become superpower?

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Middle East
June 2018 | CWA # 30

Lakshmi. V. Menon

Middle East: Has Russia chosen Israel over Iran?

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India External
June 2018 | CWA # 29

Divyabharathi E

India and Seychelles: Is the Assumption Deal a Game Changer in the Indian Ocean?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 28

Miti Shah

G7: Why Trump wants Russia in?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 27

Hely Desai

FactSheet: G7 Summit

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East Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 26

Siddhatti Mehta

The Panmunjom Declaration: “Tip of the Iceberg”

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 25

Druta Bhatt

Iran N-Deal and the Trans-Atlantic Divide

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 24

Manushi Kapadia

US and China: Towards a Trade War

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West Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 23

Miti Shah

Palestine: US triggers new tensions

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 22

Divyabharathi E

The "Indo-Pacific Command": What's in the name?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 21

Harini Madhusudan

Trump’s Tariff Strategy: Targetting Adversaries and Allies

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East Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 20

Hely Desai

Trump-Kim Summit: Three Likely Outcomes

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West Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 19

Apoorva Sudhakar

The Lebanon Pawn: Will it change after elections?

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West Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 18

Lakshmi V Menon

Israel, the Game Changer?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 17

Samreen Wani

Deciphering Turkey's External Push

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 16

Divyabharathi E

China and Russia: The New Alignments

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India External
May 2018 | CWA # 15

Ann Maria Shibu

Can India afford to lose Maldives to China?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 14

Dhruv Ashok

Why Maldives is important to China?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 13

Lakshmi V Menon

ISIS and the Yazidi victims: Why the World should stand up?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 12

Harini Madhusudan

US- China Tariff Face-off : Five questions

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India External
May 2018 | CWA # 11

Jamyang Dolma

Why is Free Tibet important for India

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 10

Divyabharathi E

Arctic: The Strategic Significance

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 9

Lakshmi V Menon

Do we need the Quad?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 8

Samreen Wani

Why Trump’s Iran exit is a big mistake?

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East Asia
May 2018 | CWA # 7

Jamyang Dolma

Inter Korean Summit: Will it work?

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India-Nepal
May 2018 | CWA # 6

Shalini E

What prevents India and Nepal from moving forward?

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India-Sri Lanka
May 2018 | CWA # 5

Dhruv Ashok

The Fishermen Issue between India and Sri Lanka

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Bangladesh
May 2018 | CWA # 4

Apoorva Sudhakar

Bangladesh's Economy: Decoding a Success Story

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Water Conflicts
May 2018 | CWA # 3

Ann Maria Shibu

Why India should not pull out of the Indus water treaty?

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India
May 2018 | CWA # 2

Samreen Wani

Andaman and Nicobar Islands: India’s underutilised asset?

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India External
May 2018 | CWA # 1

Divyabharathi E

Quad and India's Strategic Dilemma

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