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CWA # 153, 10 August 2019

The World this Week
J&K Special Status, Afghan Violence, Beijing's Hong Kong Warning, North Korea's Cyber Theft, EU's New Satellite and Yuan Devaluation

  GP Team

This edition looks at the following: revocation of the special status to J&K by the Indian government; continuing violence in Afghanistan despite the talks with the Taliban; warning from Beijing to the protesters in Hong Kong; report of North Korea's cybertheft of 2 billion USD; the launch of second satellite for the European Data Relay System; and the devaluation of currency by China.

Aparupa Bhattacherjee, Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer, Sourina Bej, Vijay Maidergi, Lakshman Chakravarthy and Harini Madhusudan 
 

J&K: India revokes Kashmir’s special status

What happened?

During this week, on 5 August 2019, the Home Minister of India, Amit Shah had successfully moved a resolution in the Rajya Sabha to introduce a Bill that revokes all provisions of Article 370. President Ram Nath Kovind has approved this bill. Article 370 of the Constitution provided special status to the region of Jammu and Kashmir allowing the separate Constitution, a state flag and also autonomy regarding the internal administration of the State.

Shah also introduced bills to bifurcate the State into Ladakh as a Union Territory without a legislature; and Jammu and Kashmir as a Union Territory with an Assembly. The third bill introduced by him was on the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019.

Following this announcement, there was a massive protest by the Opposition, which led the Rajya Sabha to be immediately adjourned.

 

What is the background?

Addressing the Kashmir issue was one of the crucial electoral agenda for Modi government when he returned to power this year. His previous tenure was marred with the resurgence of violence in Kashmir valley after a period of silence in the valley. Through these resolutions, the Modi government seem to have addressed their electoral promise. This decision was welcomed by a certain section and criticized by others.

Kashmir valley has vehemently opposed this decision; the Kashmiris consider this as betrayal and undemocratic. On the other hand, both Ladakh and Jammu regions have welcomed this decision.

The three regions who were clubbed together to be one state of Jammu and Kashmir are different in several aspects. The recognition as a separate Union territory has been a pending demand from Ladakh for a long time. Hence, they are happy with this decision. The latest move by Delhi also reflects the difference between three regions of J&K.

 

What does it mean?

Firstly, through these resolutions, the BJP has not only lived up to its electoral promise but also asserted its Kashmir position. As well expressed in shah's Statement, “I want to make it very clear once again that J&K is an integral and inseparable part of India. There is absolutely no doubt over it, and there is no legal dispute on this," as said in Lok Sabha. As aforementioned, this has also assisted them to please their vote bank in Jammu and Ladakh region. However, this has made other states and regions, especially Northeast India, wary of this government's next move.

Secondly, although there have been several criticisms regarding this decision domestically, internationally no country except for Pakistan have questioned this move. Russia has supported the government and claimed this decision to be constitutional. In the case of India and Pakistan relation, it has seen a downward steep since the last tenure of this government; this issue has just worsened it further.

Thirdly and most importantly, the impact of this implication in Kashmir Valley will be only be understood after the removal of curfew. The valley is brewing although may seem to be peaceful to many; it could just be the peace of the graveyard.

 

Afghanistan: Violence aggravates amid US-Taliban Peace talks

What happened?

On 07 August 2019, a car bomb reportedly exploded in Kabul killing and injuring more than 140 people. This was part of a series of bomb blasts and suicide attacks in Afghanistan in the recent past. The Taliban insurgents later took responsibility for the suicide attack. Earlier this week, the Taliban had also threatened to interrupt the presidential elections scheduled in September over the question of legitimacy.

The latest attack comes at a time when there were positive reports of progress in peace talks between the US and Taliban in Qatar. Also, the UN had notified that July was the deadliest month since 2017in Afghanistan so far where more than 1,500 civilians were killed and injured.

 

What is the background?

The Taliban-US meeting is the seventh since October in Doha in order to end the 18-year-long war in Afghanistan. While the Americans are trying to strike a peace deal with the Taliban ahead of the 2020 US presidential election and gradually withdraw troops from Afghanistan, the Taliban has repeatedly been creating havoc in parts of the country alongside continuing negotiations.

The latest round was said to focus on four key issues: A guarantee by the Taliban that it will not allow fighters to use Afghanistan to launch attacks outside the country; withdrawal of the US and its allied forces; a permanent ceasefire; and an intra-Afghan dialogue which both parties - Taliban and the government.

The announcement of troop withdrawal by the US towards the end of 2020 came soon after Pakistan Prime Minister’s US visit. This could mean that the Islamic republic might have held a consensus over the issue.

 

What does it mean?

The statements from the United States seem to pose an element of optimism over the success of its peace plan and the eventual withdrawal of American troops. However, there has been a complete absence of any attempts from the US for a ceasefire. This could have been the reason for the Taliban’s continued infliction of terror in the region even when the peace negotiations are in progress. The Trump administration’s rush to reach a consensus before the 2020 US Presidential elections have been a success for the Taliban. This very well goes to explain the latter’s consistent threats on Afghan forces and the recent attack on a vice-presidential candidate in July this year. Persisting terror campaigning could also mean that neighbouring Pakistan has been continuing to sponsor terror and provide a haven to the Taliban insurgents.

Second, if the US succeeds to strike a deal with the Taliban, this would pave the way for subsequent talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government over the country’s political future as promised. The deal might also let the Taliban go slow on its concerned threat to disrupt the September 2019 Presidential polls while giving enough time for negotiations with the Afghan government.

 

Hong Kong: China issues a strong warning

What happened?

The Hong Kong protest assumed a robust political significance with China issuing a strong warning to the protesters, saying their attempts “to play with fire will only backfire”. Until now the silence of the mainland Chinese administration was only watched for but when on 7 August, Yang Guang, a spokesperson for the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO), said "radical demonstrations" have pushed Hong Kong "to the verge of a very dangerous situation", it is a warning that the silence is now wearing thin.

He warned the protesters not to "mistake restraint for weakness". Since the beginning of this week, a call for a general strike has caused severe disruption with more than 200 flights cancelled.

 

What is the background?

The protest in Hong Kong is now in its ninth consecutive week. The agitation which started with a demand for an independent inquiry into alleged police brutality and the complete withdrawal of a controversial extradition bill has now widened its demand to seek the resignation of Hong Kong's leader Carrie Lam and freedom and protection from mainland Chinese authorities. The demonstrations have led to violent clashes with police. The protests are seen as a challenge to Beijing's authority in Honk Kong.

 

What does it mean?

The strong warning could imply several possible Chinese interventions. Firstly, it is essential to note that Guang’s voice in support of Lam and warning on the serious impact of the protest on Hong Kong’s economy is the second briefing in two weeks. Thus, strongly indicating Beijing's waning patience. The tone and remarks by the state media are getting harsher by the week extending support to the Hong Kong’s police and authorities. Since then the protests have also expanded and seen more violent clashes with police, culminating into a rally and continued strike in the international airport.

Secondly, even though a possible military intervention has been anticipated, China has only limited itself in conducting police drills for example as Guang’s warning came by more than 10,000 mainland police officers gathered for antiriot drills in Shenzhen just across the border from Hong Kong. Police with riot shields practised on mock protesters—firing tear gas, blocking blows from improvised weapons and extinguishing flaming wheelbarrows. The messages are getting stronger, but Hong Kong may not walk the Tiananmen square memory because protest has come in the backdrop of an escalating trade conflict with the international world, including Trump and Taiwan, watching to see if China mishandles itself.

Thirdly, the protests have appeared mainly leaderless and unpredictable, involving "flash mob" style civil disobedience and voting through social media apps. This has made it impossible for PLA to arrest anyone group or leader to throttle the movement. Thus PLS is limited to only stationing its troops and not interfere in the local issues.

Lastly, the other implications of the protest have been on the economy and connectivity. More than 200 flights into and out of the city have been cancelled as the airport workers joined the strike. Besides, the state-run tabloid Global Times has come out strongly on the multinationals saying that if they do not appear in support of Beijing over the Hong Kong protests, they will suffer business consequences.

 

North Korea: Cyber theft of  $ 2 billion

What happened?

According to a classified UN report, published by a few leading news agencies that had access to it, North Korean cyber actors were successful in stealing $ 2 billion by using a sophisticated cyber-attack on leading banks, stock and cryptocurrency exchanges.

News reports also mention, quoting the UN report, that the acts were carried out to fund the ‘weapons programme’ of North Korea.

 

What is the background?

It is not for the first time that such a cyber attack has taken place from North Korea. Cyber operations are considered to be a cost-effective way to maintain parallel military operations. There were reports before linking North Korea to the following: South Korean cyberattack in 2013; SWIFT banking hack in 2015; Bangladesh bank robbery in 2016; and WannaCry ransomware attack in 2017.

Growing threats to its existence from the US and its allies have made North Korea to pursue different strategies. It believes that the only way to keep the US and its allies at bay is to exhibit military strength and its readiness. In the recent past, North Korea has successfully demonstrated its capability in building missiles with varying ranges. The UN sanctions have not deterred it from reckless behaviour. North Korea’s increasing apprehension over the engagement of South Korea and Japan with the US has led it to take aggressive steps.

 

What does it mean?

 In a country where ‘free will’ does not exist it shouldn’t be a surprise to know that these cyber actors operated under the directions of the Reconnaissance General Bureau, a North Korean Intelligence Agency, which manages clandestine operations for the state.

By doing so, North Korea has opened a window of opportunity for other countries that are heavily sanctioned by the UN to generate income, which is not traceable. Little engagement with the world has done no good for North Korea’s economy. While it has no means to feed its people, it has embarked upon the journey of defending its sovereignty. The money that has been stolen from the financial institutions and cryptocurrency exchanges can be used for various illegal activities in an international arena. Also, the UN sanctions committee on North Korea has brought to light that such an amount can be used to fund the development of WMD and much more conventional weaponry. Following such actions in the long term would lead to the destabilisation of the Korean Peninsula. Subsequently, repercussions would be felt across the globe.

 

Europe:  Space Agency launches satellite enabling real-time Earth observation

What happened?

On Tuesday, 6 August 2019, the European Space Agency (ESA) has launched the second satellite for the European Data Relay System (EDRS), a “SpaceDataHighway” created as a joint venture with the aerospace company Airbus. EDRS-C, the latest satellite joins EDRS-A launched in 2016 to relay the environment- and climate-related data captured by remote sensing satellites in Low Earth Orbit ( LEO) back to the ground stations in Europe in near-real-time.

These satellites use Laser Communication Technology (LCT) to pull data from other satellites at a record-setting speed of 1.8 gigabits per second, making the data ready-to-use just 15 minutes after its acquisition, which previously took few days.

 

What is the background?

Firstly, LEO satellites worldwide face a downlink delay problem wherein they are required to stand in line-of-sight with the ground stations for the acquired data to be downloaded, which happens only for 10 minutes during the 100-minute orbit period, thus creating a 90-minute delay in communication. The EDRS relay satellites quadruple the effective contact time of LEO satellites with the ground stations. This relay system is similar to US’ Tracking and Data Relay System (TRDS) used for conveying information from the Space Shuttle back to the ground stations.

Unlike TRDS, EDRS’ use of LCT creates new standards for rapid communication of large amounts of data from other satellites. This is important because telecom satellites face a bottleneck in transmission speed with their radio-frequency transmission in matching that of optical fibre networks connecting terrestrial devices.

Therefore Europe’s research ministers have decided to fund the 22-member ESA, wanting to see optical technology (of which, Europe is a global leader) play a bigger role in space communication. The previously launched satellites of Copernicus environmental satellite programme in 2014, the EU’s flagship Earth observation programme, was already equipped with laser portals, having EDRS in mind.

 

What does it mean?

The near real-time information becomes essential for accelerating responses to disaster recovery and extreme weather events, helping the first responders take decisions in real-time. Through this programme, Europe’s leadership in optical technologies comes to its advantage, enabling EDRS to offer a paradigm shift in satellite communication technology.

With its Made-in-Germany label, Europe can completely avoid relying on non-EU countries to gather Earth observation data without any time lag. This fits perfectly with safeguarding the pro-climate change policies that the EU upholds despite the opposing trends elsewhere.

With the third node in the EDRS system in place by 2025, the advanced global technological infrastructure gives Europe an upper hand in future negotiations, enabling other countries to partner with it rather than compete to benefit from EDRS services.

 

China: Devaluation of Yuan towards a currency confrontation

What happened?

As a response to the announcement by Trump government to raise tariffs by 10 percent for an additional $300 billion of Chinese exports, Beijing took a political decision to drop the value of Renminbi below 7. This sent shockers across the financial markets around the world. The People's Bank of China set the yuan’s daily reference rate below 7 per dollar for the first time in over a decade. US Treasury officially named China a “Currency Manipulator,” though the naming is mostly symbolic, it opens an opportunity for the US to take this case to the IMF to ‘eliminate any unfair advantage China's currency moves have given the country.’

POBC claims that the purpose of the devaluation is to allow the market to be more instrumental in determining the yuan’s value. The devaluation announcement came with official statements from the PBOC that as a result of this "one-off depreciation," the "yuan's central parity rate will align more closely with the previous day's closing spot rates," which was aimed at “giving markets a greater role in determining the renminbi exchange rate with the goal of enabling deeper currency reform," reported a market analysis platform.

 

What is the background?

Since 2005, China’s currency has appreciated 33% against the U.S. dollar. Previously in August 2015, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) had surprised the markets with upto three devaluations consecutively of the yuan renminbi or yuan (CNY) which knocked over 3% off its value. After a decade of steady appreciation against the US dollar, investors had become accustomed to the stability and growing strength of the yuan. While a somewhat insignificant change for Forex markets, the drop which amounted to 4% over the subsequent two days has rattled investors.

The second arrangement of “truce” between the two leaders along the sidelines of G20 summits in Argentina and Japan have both failed in a similar way. The trade war has taken various forms over the past months it has moved from export restrictions and tariffs to technology, MNCs and 5G, and it is moving towards the currency.

 

What does it mean?

China’s is using the currency valuation as a double-edged sword which could easily hurt both the US and China economies and simultaneously hurt the world markets to a great extent. However, according to various experts, the drop is technically not strong enough to give China a comparative advantage over the US; but just enough to nudge the US. Also, do exchange rate-cuts make an impact on the trade patterns today, like it did in the past? Not really, the economy is extensively diversified now.

It seems like China chose this option over the choice to ban rare earth’ exports to the US. Since the trade war began, China is also said to have been keeping the value of Renminbi artificially high; this drop could be an attempt to readjust the differences. The immediate effects will be of advantage to the Chinese exporters and will halt the imports to China. Quoting a report from China, “Exchange rate cuts have muted effects on the trade balance in the short term,” it is safe to say that this will correct the imbalances.

 

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Middle East: The Return of Russia in 2020

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Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 224

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sudan and Algeria: Road to Democracy in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 223

Lakshmi V Menon

Syria: ISIS Decline, US Retreat and the Return of Russia in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 222

Sourina Bej

The Pangs of BREXIT: UK's Tough Transition in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 221

Sukanya Bali

The Belt and Road Initiative: A New Global Connectivity Map in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 220

Harini Madhusudan

The US-China Trade Dispute: Towards further disruptions in 2020

read more
Strategic Forecast 2020
February 2020 | CWA # 219

Parikshith Pradeep

The US under Donald Trump: The Fall of an Empire in 2020

read more
The World This Week
February 2020 | CWA # 218

GP Team

Racist attacks in Germany, FATF grey list for Pakistan, Seven days peace in Afghanistan, Unity government in South Sudan, and the Dissolution of the opposition party in Thailand

read more
Conflict Weekly 05
February 2020 | CWA # 217

IPRI Team

Afghan Election Results, US-Taliban Deal, Hafiz Saeed Conviction, Quetta Suicide Attack, Assam Accord, Mexico Femicide and the Climate Change impact on Bird Species

read more
The World this Week
February 2020 | CWA # 216

GP Team

Seven weeks after Coronavirus, The Left Turn in Ireland Elections, Pakistan's balancing act with Malaysia and Turkey, and a US deal with the Taliban

read more
Conflict Weekly 04
February 2020 | CWA # 215

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka drops Tamil anthem, Assam looks for a new census for the indigenous Muslim population, Bangladesh faces a Rohingya boat tragedy and Israel witnesses resurgence of violence post-Trump deal

read more
The World this Week
February 2020 | CWA # 214

GP Team

The Senate acquits Trump in the US; and the Coronavirus impacts Southeast Asia more

read more
Conflict Weekly 03
February 2020 | CWA # 213

IPRI Team

Continuing Violence in Afghanistan, Bodo Peace Accord in Northeast India, Attack on the anti-CAA protesters in Delhi, and Trump's Middle East Peace Plan

read more
The World this Week
February 2020 | CWA # 212

GP Team

Trump’s Middle East Peace Plan, WHO's emergency declaration on the Coronavirus, Europe’s soft strategy towards Huawei, and BREXIT finally

read more
Conflict Weekly 02
January 2020 | CWA # 211

IPRI Team

Bangladesh and ICJ's Rohingya Verdict, Taliban and Afghan Peace, Surrenders in India's Northeast, New government in Lebanon and the Berlin summit on Libya

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 210

GP Team

World Economic Forum, Wuhan Coronavirus, China-Myanmar MoUs, and a new government in Lebanon

read more
2019 Review
January 2020 | CWA # 209

Boa Wang

China in 2019: 70th Anniversary, Rise of Domestic Animation and the Commercialization of 5G 

read more
The Middle East in 2020
January 2020 | CWA # 208

Vivek Mishra

After Soleimani assassination: Options for the US 

read more
The Middle East in 2020
January 2020 | CWA # 207

Sukanya Bali

Iran, Iraq and the US: Who wants what?

read more
Myanmar in 2020
January 2020 | CWA # 206

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Old problems to persist with no solutions in the near term

read more
The Himalayan Triangle
January 2020 | CWA # 205

Aashiyana Adhikari

Indian and Chinese investments in Nepal: Managing asymmetry

read more
Conflict Weekly #01
January 2020 | CWA # 204

IPRI Team

Taliban's ceasefire offer, Quetta Suicide attack, Supreme court verdict on J&K, the Brus Agreement in Tripura, Nile River Agreement, Tehran Protests, Syrians meet in Berlin, and the Honduran Caravans in Mexico

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 203

GP Team

Xi Jinping in Myanmar, US-China trade deal, Putin's new amendments in Russia, Taiwan Elections and the US efforts to fund 5G alternatives

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 202

GP Team

Iran's lowkey response to the killing of Gen Soleimani, Iraq's resolution against the US troops and Iran's request to India to mediate

read more
The World this Week
January 2020 | CWA # 201

GP Team

US-Iran Tensions in the Middle East, 6G in China, Fires in Australia, and a New Nuclear declaration in North Korea

read more
GP Column: Blue Economy
January 2020 | CWA # 200

Shailesh Nayak | Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS)

Blue Economy and India: An Introduction

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 199

Lakshmi V Menon

The Middle East in 2019: Domestic Protests, Bilateral Conflicts and Regional Tensions

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 198

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

North Africa in 2019: A year of protests, with some positive results

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 197

Sukanya Bali

Hong Kong in 2019: China's New Achilles Heel

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 196

Harini Madhusudan

The US-China Trade Dispute in 2019: Towards a thaw in 2020?

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 195

Parikshith Pradeep

The US in 2019: Trump rollsout a template for a global American retreat

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 194

Sourina Bej

Europe in 2019: Hard Brexit for the UK, Systemic Struggle for the EU

read more
The World This Year
December 2019 | CWA # 193

Rashmi Ramesh

Climate Change in 2019: Active Civil Society, Hesitant State

read more
The World this Week
December 2019 | CWA # 192

GP Team

Impeachment in the US, Brexit Vote in the UK, an Islamic Summit in Malaysia and a Death Sentence in Pakistan

read more
The World this Week
December 2019 | CWA # 191

GP Team

Sui Kyi at the ICJ, Boris Johnson as the new British PM, Greta Thunberg as TIME's person, and none to speak at the COP 25

read more
The World this Week
December 2019 | CWA # 190

GP Team

NATO at 70, Protests in Iran, COP 25 in Madrid

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 189

GP Team

Protests in Iran and Attacks in London

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 188

GP Team

Elections in Sri Lanka and Protests in Georgia, Chile & Czech

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 187

GP Team

The Crisis in Bolivia, the BRICS Summit in Brazil, and renewed violence in Israel & Hong Kong

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 186

GP Team

US-China Tariffs, Beijing's support for Carrie Lam, India's RCEP exit, Iran's nuclear enrichment, and Russia's new Arctic endeavours

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
November 2019 | CWA # 185

Rashmi Ramesh

The Arctic Littorals: Iceland and Greenland

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
November 2019 | CWA # 184

Harini Madhusudan

The Polar Silk Route: China's ambitious search in the Arctic

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
November 2019 | CWA # 183

Parikshith Pradeep

The Scientific Imbalance: Is technology rightly being invested in the Arctic?

read more
The World this Week
November 2019 | CWA # 182

GP Team

Protests in Lebanon, ISIS post-Baghdadi, UK Elections, Afghan QCG meet in Moscow and human trafficking across Europe

read more
Middle East
November 2019 | CWA # 181

GP Team

Syria: Who wants what?

read more
China
November 2019 | CWA # 180

Harini Madhusudan

Violence in Hong Kong: Will the protests end?

read more
Europe
November 2019 | CWA # 179

Rashmi Ramesh

Is Catalonia Spain’s Hong Kong?

read more
United Kingdom
October 2019 | CWA # 178

Sourina Bej

As the Brexit deadline nears: Three Implications of Boris Johnson’s Election Call

read more
The NIAS Arctic Series
October 2019 | CWA # 177

D. Suba Chandran

Why an Arctic foray is essential for India

read more
The Arctic Series
October 2019 | CWA # 176

Parikshith Pradeep

Russia's Polar Military Edge

read more
Latin America on fire
October 2019 | CWA # 175

Nidhi Dalal

Protests rock Chile, Bolivia and Haiti

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 174

GP Team

The new Turkey-Russia axis in the Middle East, Trump Impeachment inquiry, Protests in Latin America and the Oil spill in Brazil

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 173

GP Team

Turkey's Syrian Offensive, Spain's Catalonia Crisis, a new Brexit Deal and an increasing divide in Hong Kong

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 172

GP Team

Turkey-Syria border tensions, Modi-Xi summit, Ecuador Protests and the Impeachment Inquiry against Trump

read more
Myanmar
October 2019 | CWA # 171

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Will prosecuting Suu Kyi resolve the Rohingya problem?

read more
India and Bangladesh
October 2019 | CWA # 170

Sourina Bej

Sheikh Hasina in New Delhi: Multiple Deals, No Takeaways

read more
The UN Climate Action Summit 2019
October 2019 | CWA # 169

Lakshman Chakravarthy N & Rashmi Ramesh

Climate Change: Four Actors, No Action

read more
Review
October 2019 | CWA # 168

Sukanya Bali

Brexit: Preparing for the Worst Case

read more
The World this Week
October 2019 | CWA # 167

GP Team

70 years Celebrations in China, Tipping Point in Hong Kong, a Brexit Roadmap, Protests in Iraq, and Khashoggi's death anniversary

read more
The World this Week
September 2019 | CWA # 166

GP Team

Afghan Elections, UNGA Meetings, Climate Change Summit, Impeachment inquiry against Trump, US-Japan Trade agreement and the Brexit troubles in UK Parliament

read more
The World this Week
September 2019 | CWA # 165

GP Team

Elections in Israel, Violence in Afghanistan, Drone Attacks in Saudi Arabia, and the Climate Change Protests

read more
The World this Week
September 2019 | CWA # 164

GP Team

Netanyahu’s plan to annex West Bank, Suspension of the British Parliament, Trump’s Bolton troubles, Hong Kong's new Anthem, Conditions for Rohingya Return, Erdogan’s threat on Syrian Refugees, and the Forest Fires in Indonesia

read more
Science, Technology and International Relations
September 2019 | CWA # 162

Lakshman Chakravarthy N

5G: A Primer

read more
Climate Change
September 2019 | CWA # 161

Rashmi Ramesh

From Okjökull to OK: Death of a Glacier in Iceland

read more
United Kingdom
September 2019 | CWA # 160

Sukanya Bali

Challenges before Boris Johnson

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 159

GP Team

G7 Summit, Suspension of the British Parliament, Growing Warmth in Russia-Turkey relations, Italy's new Coalition and Google-Huawei differences

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 158

GP Team

Global uproar on Amazon fires, Trump's Greenland bid, EU differences over Brexit and backstop, Italy's new political crisis, the sale of US F-16s to Taiwan and a new PM in Sudan

read more
China
August 2019 | CWA # 157

Parikshith Pradeep

The Hong Kong Protests: Who wants what

read more
China
August 2019 | CWA # 156

Harini Madhusudan

The Hong Kong Protests: Re-defining mass mobilization

read more
Southeast Asia
August 2019 | CWA # 155

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

ASEAN Outlook on the Indo Pacific: Worth all the Hype?

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 154

GP Team

North Korea's New Threats, Gotabaya Rajapaksa as Presidential Candidate, Failure at the Pacific Islands Meet, UNSC on J&K, and Israel's ban on the US Congresswomen

read more
The World this Week
August 2019 | CWA # 152

GP Team

New US Tariffs on China, Japan-South Korea Trade Tension, Burqa Ban in the Netherlands, INF Treaty's End and North Korean Missile Tests

read more
The World this Week
July 2019 | CWA # 151

GP Team

New PM in UK, Iran-UK Tensions in the Gulf, Muller's Testimony, Trump-Imran Meeting, New Protests in Hong Kong and Russia-China Air Exercises

read more
Nepal and India
July 2019 | CWA # 150

Mahesh Bhatta

Monsoons first, Floods next and the Blame Games follow

read more
The World this Week
July 2019 | CWA # 149

GP Team

US ban on Myanmar Generals, Kulbhushan Yadav Verdict, Trump's Saudi Arms Deal, Sudan Power Sharing, US-Turkey tensions and Pakistan's reopening of its Airspace

read more
India's Northeast
July 2019 | CWA # 148

Titsala Sangtam

Counting Citizens: Manipur charts its own NRC

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G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 147

Vivek Mishra

Can Hedging be India’s Strategy?

read more
The World this Week
July 2019 | CWA # 146

GP Team

UAE pullout from Yemen, Doha dialogue on Afghanistan, Continuing protests in Hong Kong and S-400 Russian missiles in Turkey

read more
Iran, US and the Nuclear Deal
July 2019 | CWA # 145

Lakshmi V Menon

Amidst the US-Iran standoff, Saudi Arabia should be cautious

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G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 144

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

For Russia, it was big power projection

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G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 143

Harini Madhusudan

For China, it was trade and a temporary truce

read more
The World This Week
July 2019 | CWA # 142

GP Team

Trump in DMZ, Hong Kong Protests, Violence in Libya, Agreement in Sudan, Taliban's Dual Strategy and Hafiz Saeed Charged

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G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 141

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

For Japan, it was commerce and climate change

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G-20 Summit
July 2019 | CWA # 140

Sourina Bej

For the US, it was trade, tariff and talks

read more
The World This Week
June 2019 | CWA # 139

GP Team

G20 Summit, Pompeo's India Visit, Hong Kong Protests, US-Iran Tensions, ASEAN Summit & the Bahrain Summit on the Middle East

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Middle East
June 2019 | CWA # 138

Mahath Mangal

Iran, US and the Nuclear Deal: Will Russia remain neutral?

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Middle East
June 2019 | CWA # 137

Titsala Sangtam

Iran, US and the Nuclear deal: Europe in the middle?

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The World this Week
June 2019 | CWA # 136

GP Team

Rising US-Iran Tensions, Xi Jinping's North Korea Visit, Continuing Protests in Hong Kong, Untimely Death of Morsi and the Triple Suicide Attacks in Nigeria

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India & Sri Lanka
June 2019 | CWA # 135

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Modi's Colombo Visit: Four issues to watch

read more
Global Politics
June 2019 | CWA # 134

Sourina Bej

From Moscow to Manila: Attack on Journalists, Public Protests and Culture of Impunity 

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China
June 2019 | CWA # 133

Harini Madhusudan

Thirty years after Tiananmen:  What remains in the popular memory and what doesn’t

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The World this Week
June 2019 | CWA # 132

GP Team

Attacks in Oman Gulf, Protests in Hong Kong, Military Crackdown in Sudan, Modi's Visit to Male and Colombo, Abe's Peace Mission in Iran and the SCO Summit

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The BRI Summit 2019
June 2019 | CWA # 131

Raakhavee Ramesh

Higher than the Himalayas: Pakistan and China

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The BRI Summit 2019
June 2019 | CWA # 130

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Across the Himalayas: Nepal and China

read more
Global Politics
June 2019 | CWA # 129

Mahath Mangal

The Russian Resurgence: Is the US supremacy waning?

read more
Mass Surveillance and Individual Freedom
June 2019 | CWA # 127

Mahath Mangal

San Francisco wants to ban, Kashgar wants to expand

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Julian Assange
June 2019 | CWA # 126

Jerin George

Espionage or Investigative Journalism? 

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Russia-Japan
June 2019 | CWA # 125

Titsala Sangtam

Beyond the Kuril Island Dispute: Tensions between Moscow and Tokyo

read more
The World this Week
June 2019 | CWA # 124

GP Team

EU Parliament elections, Chinese VP receives Nishan-e-Pakistan, Trump-Abe summit, Mueller's new statement on Trump & Israel’s new elections

read more
Global Politics
May 2019 | CWA # 123

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The Huawei Controversy: Five things you need to know

read more
Middle East
May 2019 | CWA # 122

Mahath Mangal

Why the world needs to look at Yemen

read more
India External
May 2019 | CWA # 121

Sourina Bej

Modi's Foreign Policy 2.0: A Response to C Raja Mohan

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 120

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The Central Asia Connector

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The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 119

Harini Madhusudan

An Under-represented East Asia

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The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 118

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Africa Embraces the Belt and Road

read more
The BRI Summit 2019
May 2019 | CWA # 117

Sourina Bej

It’s Europe vs EU on China

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Africa
May 2019 | CWA # 116

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sudan: Between Democracy and another military rule

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 115

GP Team

American Troops to Middle East, Resignation of Theresa May, Climate Change Protests, Threats to Peace in Columbia and Post Elections Violence in Indonesia

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 114

GP Team

Diplomatic Outreaches of the US and Iran , China’s Tariff Retaliations, Tensions in the Middle East and Anti-Muslim Violence in Sri Lanka

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 113

GP Team

Gaza Violence, China-US Trade Negotiations, North Korean Missile Tests, Iran’s Partial Withdrawal and Mueller Report

read more
The World this Week
May 2019 | CWA # 112

GP Team

Masood Azhar Ban, Venezuela Crisis, Huawei in UK & the Sri Lankan Bombers

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The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 111

GP Team

Elections in Spain, BRI Summit 2.0, Kim's Russia visit and Terror attacks in Sri Lanka

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 110

GP Team

Indonesian Elections, North Korea's New Weapon Test, Trump's Yemen Veto, Venezuela Crisis and Climate Change Protests

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 109

GP Team

Coup in Sudan, Protests in Algeria & Libya, and another Brexit Extension

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Christchurch Massacre
April 2019 | CWA # 108

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Responses and Inspiring Lessons

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The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 107

GP Team

Brexit Deadlock, Crises in Sudan & Algeria and the Elections in Maldives

read more
The World this Week
April 2019 | CWA # 106

GP Team

US-China Trade Talks, Mueller Report, Gaza Anniversary and Thailand Elections

read more
Southast Asia
March 2019 | CWA # 105

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Thailand: Between Elections and Instability

read more
Global Politics
March 2019 | CWA # 104

Ryan Mitra

Malaysia, China and the BRI: The Delicate Hedging

read more
China
March 2019 | CWA # 103

Sourina Bej

Two Sessions in 2019: Four Takeaways

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Middle East
March 2019 | CWA # 102

Lakshmi V Menon

The End of ISIS Caliphate?

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The World This Week
March 2019 | CWA # 101

GP Team

Brexit and the EU; BRI and Italy; Muller's Report; Trump, Golan Heights and Israel; and New Zealand's response to Christchurch

read more
The World this Week
March 2019 | CWA # 100

GP Team

The New Zealand Massacre, The JeM discussion in the UN, The Brexit rejection, US-Taliban peace talks and Climate protests

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 99

Harini Madhusudan

For China, its a sigh of relief

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 98

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

For Vietnam, its a big deal

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 97

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

For Japan, No Deal is Good Deal

read more
Trump-Kim Summit & Regional Stakes
March 2019 | CWA # 96

Sourina Bej

For South Korea, a costly disappointment

read more
Trump-Kim Summit
March 2019 | CWA # 94

Harini Madhusudan

No deal is better, but isn't it bad?

read more
Myanmar
March 2019 | CWA # 92

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The Other Conflict in Rakhine State

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The World This Week
March 2019 | CWA # 91

GP Team

India in OIC, India-Pakistan and Trump-Kim Summit

read more
The World This Week
February 2019 | CWA # 90

GP Team

Doha Dialogue with the Taliban, Saudi Arabia in Asia and the Crisis in Venezuela

read more
The World this Week
February 2019 | CWA # 89

GP Team

US Emergency, Nord Stream-2 and Indo-Pak tensions

read more
West Asia
February 2019 | CWA # 88

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Yemen: Will Sa'nna fall?

read more
China and Islam
February 2019 | CWA # 87

Harini Madhusudan

Sinicizing the Minorities

read more
The World this Week
February 2019 | CWA # 86

GP Team

US, South Korea and Thailand

read more
Middle East
February 2019 | CWA # 85

Lakshmi V Menon

The Qatar Blockade: Eighteen Months Later

read more
The World This Week
February 2019 | CWA # 84

GP Team

Yemen, Venezuela and US-China

read more
Terrorism
January 2019 | CWA # 82

Sourina Bej

Maghreb: What makes al Shahab Resilient?

read more
Global Politics
January 2019 | CWA # 81

Harini Madhusudan

US-China Trade War: No Clear Winners

read more
United States
January 2019 | CWA # 80

Abhishrut Singh

Trump’s Shutdown: Five Things to Know

read more
The World this Week
January 2019 | CWA # 79

GP Team

Between a Terror attack in Nairobi and a Political Disaster in UK

read more
United States
January 2019 | CWA # 78

Kriti

Afghanistan: Why Trump’s decision to withdraw will create more instability

read more
United States
January 2019 | CWA # 77

Komal Tiwary

Syria: Why Trump’s decision to withdraw is a right one but at a wrong time

read more
Global Politics
January 2019 | CWA # 76

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Myanmar: Will 2019 be better for the Rohingya?

read more
The World this Week
January 2019 | CWA # 75

GP Team

Kim-Xi Meet, US Shutdown & US-China Trade Talks

read more
South Asia
January 2019 | CWA # 74

D. Suba Chandran

Bangladesh: The Burden of Electoral History

read more
Global Politics
January 2019 | CWA # 73

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

US and China: Between Confrontation and Competition

read more
The World this Week
January 2019 | CWA # 72

GP Team

Trump's Shutdown, Bangladesh Elections and China's Lunar Probe

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 71

Mahesh Bhatta | Centre for South Asian Studies, Kathmandu

Nepal

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 70

Nasima Khatoon | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

The Maldives

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 69

Harini Madhusudan | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

India

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 68

Sourina Bej | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

Bangladesh

read more
South Asia Monthly Brief (Nov 2018)
December 2018 | CWA # 67

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer | Research Associate, ISSSP, NIAS

Afghanistan

read more
East Asia
November 2018 | CWA # 66

Harini Madhusudan

China and Japan: Renewing relations at the right time

read more
United States
November 2018 | CWA # 65

Ryan Mitra

The INF Treaty: Towards a new Security Dilemma

read more
United States
November 2018 | CWA # 64

Sourina Bej

The INF Treaty: US withdraws to balance China?

read more
Middle East
October 2018 | CWA # 63

Harini Madhusudan

The Khashoggi Killing: Unanswered Questions

read more
Pakistan
October 2018 | CWA # 62

Divyabharathi E

The Economic Crisis and the Saudi Investments: What are the Fallouts?

read more
The Middle East
October 2018 | CWA # 61

Lakshmi V Menon

US and Israel: Trump's Deal of the Century

read more
South Asia
October 2018 | CWA # 60

Nasima Khatoon

The New Maldives: Advantage India?

read more
United States
September 2018 | CWA # 59

Harini Madhusudhan

To NAFTA or Not: Trump, Mexico and Canada

read more
Southeast Asia
September 2018 | CWA # 58

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Malaysia’s China Moment: The Mahathir Gamble

read more
India External
September 2018 | CWA # 57

Sourina Bej

BIMSTEC: A Bay of Good Hope?

read more
India External
September 2018 | CWA # 56

Ryan Mitra

India between the US and Iran: The Art of Balancing Two States

read more
United Kingdom
September 2018 | CWA # 55

Hely Desai

Two Years of Brexit: The Reverse-Domino Effect

read more
GP Debate
September 2018 | CWA # 54

Young Scholars Debate

India, Imran Khan and Indo-Pak Relations

read more
United Kingdom
August 2018 | CWA # 53

Siddhatti Mehta

Does Brexit mean Brexit?

read more
China
August 2018 | CWA # 52

Oishee Majumdar

Factsheet: China’s Investments in Africa

read more
Europe-Russia
August 2018 | CWA # 51

Sourina Bej

Post Trump-Putin Summit: How significant is the Russia threat to Europe?

read more
Myanmar
August 2018 | CWA # 50

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The 8888 Uprising: Thirty Years Later

read more
US-China
August 2018 | CWA # 49

Harini Madhusudhan

The Tariff War: 'Stick of Hegemony' vs Vital Interests

read more
Global Politics
July 2018 | CWA # 48

Druta Bhatt

FactSheet: Shangri La Dialogue 2018

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 47

Rahul Arockiaraj

Immigrants as the “Other”: The Social and Economic Factors in the US

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 46

Divyabharathi E

Is Trump-Putin Summit a setback for the US?

read more
India External
July 2018 | CWA # 45

Apoorva Sudhakar

India and Bangladesh: The Long Haul

read more
Global Politics
July 2018 | CWA # 44

Divyabharathi E

Quad as an alternative to the BRI: Three Main Challenges

read more
South Asia
July 2018 | CWA # 43

Oishee Majumdar

FactSheet: India-Bangladesh Relations

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 42

D. Suba Chandran

Trump meets Putin; will it cost NATO?

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 41

Sourina Bej

Trump and the NATO: One Block, Different Views

read more
United States
July 2018 | CWA # 40

Rahul Arockiaraj

Zero Tolerance on Illegal Immigration: Explaining Trump’s strategy and the American Spirit

read more
United States
June 2018 | CWA # 39

Gayan Gowramma KC

Now, the United States withdraws from the UNHRC

read more
Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 38

Druta Bhatt

Electoral Rise of the Right: From Trump to Brexit

read more
China
June 2018 | CWA # 37

Siddhatti Mehta

Will China be able to sustain its Dominance?

read more
South Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 36

Miti Shah

Is religion redefining nationalism?: The Case of Myanmar, India and Sri Lanka

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South Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 35

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Myanmar: Why won't they do anything for the Rohingya?

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United States
June 2018 | CWA # 34

Harini Madhusudan

The Idea of an US Space Force: Strategic Calculations

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South Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 33

Apoorva Sudhakar

Afghan Peace: Reality or Illusion?

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United States
June 2018 | CWA # 32

Hely Desai

Looking beyond Trump: Is the US declining?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 31

Manushi Kapadia

Is China using its soft power to become superpower?

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Middle East
June 2018 | CWA # 30

Lakshmi. V. Menon

Middle East: Has Russia chosen Israel over Iran?

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India External
June 2018 | CWA # 29

Divyabharathi E

India and Seychelles: Is the Assumption Deal a Game Changer in the Indian Ocean?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 28

Miti Shah

G7: Why Trump wants Russia in?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 27

Hely Desai

FactSheet: G7 Summit

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East Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 26

Siddhatti Mehta

The Panmunjom Declaration: “Tip of the Iceberg”

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 25

Druta Bhatt

Iran N-Deal and the Trans-Atlantic Divide

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 24

Manushi Kapadia

US and China: Towards a Trade War

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West Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 23

Miti Shah

Palestine: US triggers new tensions

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 22

Divyabharathi E

The "Indo-Pacific Command": What's in the name?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 21

Harini Madhusudan

Trump’s Tariff Strategy: Targetting Adversaries and Allies

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East Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 20

Hely Desai

Trump-Kim Summit: Three Likely Outcomes

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West Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 19

Apoorva Sudhakar

The Lebanon Pawn: Will it change after elections?

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West Asia
June 2018 | CWA # 18

Lakshmi V Menon

Israel, the Game Changer?

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 17

Samreen Wani

Deciphering Turkey's External Push

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Global Politics
June 2018 | CWA # 16

Divyabharathi E

China and Russia: The New Alignments

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India External
May 2018 | CWA # 15

Ann Maria Shibu

Can India afford to lose Maldives to China?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 14

Dhruv Ashok

Why Maldives is important to China?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 13

Lakshmi V Menon

ISIS and the Yazidi victims: Why the World should stand up?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 12

Harini Madhusudan

US- China Tariff Face-off : Five questions

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India External
May 2018 | CWA # 11

Jamyang Dolma

Why is Free Tibet important for India

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 10

Divyabharathi E

Arctic: The Strategic Significance

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 9

Lakshmi V Menon

Do we need the Quad?

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Global Politics
May 2018 | CWA # 8

Samreen Wani

Why Trump’s Iran exit is a big mistake?

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East Asia
May 2018 | CWA # 7

Jamyang Dolma

Inter Korean Summit: Will it work?

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India-Nepal
May 2018 | CWA # 6

Shalini E

What prevents India and Nepal from moving forward?

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India-Sri Lanka
May 2018 | CWA # 5

Dhruv Ashok

The Fishermen Issue between India and Sri Lanka

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Bangladesh
May 2018 | CWA # 4

Apoorva Sudhakar

Bangladesh's Economy: Decoding a Success Story

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Water Conflicts
May 2018 | CWA # 3

Ann Maria Shibu

Why India should not pull out of the Indus water treaty?

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India
May 2018 | CWA # 2

Samreen Wani

Andaman and Nicobar Islands: India’s underutilised asset?

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India External
May 2018 | CWA # 1

Divyabharathi E

Quad and India's Strategic Dilemma

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