NIAS Course on Global Politics|
National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS)
Indian Institute of Science Campus, Bangalore
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CWA # 48, 31 July 2018
Druta Bhatt is a student at the School of Liberal studies, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University. She was an intern earlier at the NIAS.
The Shangri-La Dialogue (SLD) is an inter-governmental security forum held annually by an independent think tank, IISS which is attended by defense ministers, permanent heads of ministries and military chiefs of Asia-Pacific states. The Shangri-La Dialogue was conceived by the current IISS Director-General and Chief Executive Sir John Chipman in 2001 in response to the clear need for a forum where the Asia Pacific defense ministers could engage in dialogue aimed at building confidence and fostering practical security cooperation. During the 36th Munich Conference on Security Policy, Chipman 'noticed Asian officials receiving short shrift' and realized that 'Asia needed its own defense institution at which defense ministers met and spoke'
In June 2018, the IISS held the dialogue in Singapore.
Participating Countries: Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, the European Union, Finland, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, South Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, the United Arab Emirates, Britain, the United States and Vietnam.
The summit had the following as the main agenda:
Key issues discussed
The key issues discussed as part of the agenda focused on traditional and modern security challenges faced by the Asian countries. The main actors in the discussions were US, India, China, Japan, Singapore, Indonesia, France and UK
INDO PACIFIC REGION
The United States
France & UK
Accepted their commitment towards maintaining status quo and announced their own FONOPs in the South China Sea.
China’s foreign minister Wang Yi had earlier dismissed the “Indo-Pacific” as an “attention-grabbing idea” that will “dissipate like ocean foam.” He also expressed hope that the Quad was not targeting China.
India believes that "In the coming times, dealing with cyber security and extremism and terrorism will be important areas of our cooperation."
Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu, in his remarks at the SLD, characterized this as a “third generation threat” of terrorism and radicalism following the post-Al-Qaeda generation and the post-Islamic State (or Daesh) generation.
Philippine Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana, touched on the need for responses in various areas including reforming the educational curriculum in Islamic schools, working with the private sector to manage content that could be tied to terrorist attacks, and monitoring the entry of clerics from other countries that might spread the kind of hateful rhetoric that might draw recruits into terrorism.
Proposed a “Resilience, Response, and Recovery” framework for counterterrorism which epitomizes such a comprehensive approach Singapore Defense Minister Ng Eng Hen announced that Singapore would be hosting a Track 1.5 counterterrorism symposium in October and was also working to build a network of experts to counter chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) threats via the ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting (ADMM) framework.
C. CYBER SECURITY
D. KOREAN PENINSULA CRISIS
Republic of Korea
Through serious dialogues, the Republic of Korea has taken the first step towards denuclearization”.
The Japanese were happy that 2 concerns that were most bothering it, China in South China Sea and the Korean peninsula crisis were given due importance. But they were disappointed about the non-strict actions without “maximum power” being asserted.
E. REGIONAL SECURITY AND COOPERATION
Chetna Vinay Bhora
Udbhav Krishna P
Joeana Cera Matthews
Keerthana Rajesh Nambiar